Discover the ways in which we can preserve this precious resource and/or depollute it... Find out how below
Preserve our water!
Morocco: Capturing fog water using nets
Taking inspiration from an ancestral practice from the Canary Islands, the Moroccan NGO Dar Si Hmad has put in place a simple and efficient system to “wring out” water from the fog covering the arid summits of Mount Boutmezguida in the Anti-Atlas range. The vertical 600 m2 net catches water droplets as the wind pushes the fog through the net. The system, then redirects the water via an underground piping system, to the surrounding villages. This project first started in 2006, was enacted and installed in 2015 and has already proven its effectiveness as one square meter of net collects approximately 22 litres of water per day. Additionally, Dar Si Hmad’s fog harvesting has earned them the United Nations ‘Momentum for Change’ climate action award in 2016.
Brittany: The Léguer's regeneration porject
Historically, the Leguer which meanders through the Côtes-d'Armor, is one of the most renowned salmon rivers. But, in 1920 a dam was built across the river to support the local paper mill. The dam caused a decline in salmon and eel populations as well as a decrease in water quality as sediment was trapped causing algal blooms. Joint efforts from farmers, local residents, associations and local authorities enabled this coastal river to revert to the natural paradise it had previously been by demolishing the dam. It was even granted the national Rivières sauvages (wild rivers) label in October 2017, a label that has only been awarded to six waterways in France. Its nitrate content is now close to that of 40 years ago.
Sahel: Desert Date Palms action to combat desertification
To combat desertification, the African Union initiated the highly-ambitious Great Green Wall project. Launched in 2007, this project involves reforesting a strip of land measuring 7,100 km by 15 km, running from the Atlantic to the Red Sea. As a project partner, Klorane Botanical Foundation provides support to local communities in the Ferlo region in north-eastern Senegal. Within eight years, 80,000 trees – Desert Date Palms, Acacias and Jujube trees – have been planted. This initiative extends beyond simply being a replanting operation. By promoting soil regeneration, this new vegetation cover has enabled six vegetable and market gardens to be created. In exchange for maintaining the forest nurseries, over 690 women can use the vegetable gardens and benefit from their produce to diversify their diet and provide a complementary source of income.
Aral Sea: Springing back to life
Located in Central Asia, between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, the Aral Sea was once the fourth largest freshwater lake in the world. In the 1960s, the Soviet Union diverted the rivers that fed the Sea to irrigate vast wheat and cotton croplands. Since the diversion of water through irrigation canals, the Aral Sea has lost 90% of its surface area and has split into two separate lakes. Additionally, the salinity of the water increased so much that the 28 endemic fish species that lived there disappeared. In the face of this ecological disaster, the World Bank and the Government of Kazakhstan has financed the creation of the Dyke Kokaral, which conserves the waters from the Syr Darya river. This project, which was completed in 2005, resulted in rising water levels and a decrease in salinity. The northern part of the Aral Sea has already recovered 18% of its initial surface area. After a long absence, the fish are finally back, much to the delight of the local communities and environmental specialists!