It’s a real concern, but it’s not inevitable. Here's how to remove visible flakes with our best anti-dandruff tips.
How to identify dandruff and remove visible flakes.
This hair problem affects at least 1 in 2 people, either occasionally or regularly. But did you know that there are two types of dandruff: dry and oily. Let’s learn how to spot dandruff to get rid of it more efficiently.
Dry dandruff comes in the form of a fine white and dry powder that is sometimes greyish, like little flakes that easily fall from the scalp, particularly on the shoulders of a black jacket, for example. Unlike oily dandruff, it can be easily removed from the scalp, it is mainly located on the top of the head and can lead to itching. Oily dandruff, on the other hand, appears as larger, greasy, yellowish flakes that tend to stick to the hair. They are mainly located on the temples and behind the ears.
We are still struggling to identify all the factors that cause dandruff, but let’s take a closer look.
Dandruff occurs when the cells of the epidermis, the outermost layer of the scalp, multiply too quickly, leaving no time for the dead cells to shed as they grow. They can be exacerbated by numerous aggravating factors (hormonal imbalance, harsh shampoo detergents, smoking, excessively dry air, pollution, skin dryness, diet, stress etc.). Finally, the proliferation of Malassezia fungus leads to sebum overproduction and scalp flaking. Cheers Malassezia.
Dandruff flakes are small pieces of skin that fall off the surface of the scalp. They appear after a break in the skin's cell renewal. The normal 28-day cycle changes to 5 days. The dead cells don’t have the time to loosen and detach progressively, they stick to one another and concentrate in the form of flakes. The oilier they are, the more the flakes are likely to clump together with the hair and form large yellowish crusts (not very glamorous we agree!). It’s unexpected, isn’t it? In any case, although flakes tend to be a bit off-putting, there is nothing dirty about them. But in terms of what we do, we give you a helping hand.
- Avoid overly drying shampoos that make the scalp more sensitive
- Make sure the hair dryer is not too hot on your head
- Space out washes to allow time for sebum to re-regulate
- Don't give in to the temptation of scratching
- Adopt a specific anti-dandruff routine suited to the type of dandruff
The soothing action of the natural active ingredient Peony, traditionally used in Chinese medicine since the 10th century for its soothing properties, has been selected by our botanists for its high level of paeoniflorin. It is therefore ideal for quickly calming sensations of discomfort and itching. Use it for dry flaky scalp and irritation.
Galanga, a natural extract
Galanga is an herbaceous plant native to Southeast Asia, belonging to the vast Zingiberaceae family. Used in traditional Chinese medicine for its purifying, cleansing and antibacterial properties, it is essential for removing flakes, particularly oily flakes.
The use of Galanga is an anti-dandruff extract that offers a natural alternative to Zinc Pyrithione, a chemical molecule widely used in anti-dandruff products. And it has so many other virtues... nature does it well, no?
For flaky scalps, we recommend to avoid harsh shampoos and instead use natural ingredients as a part of your anti-dandruff routine.
Corinne Bigot, Pharmacist